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Home > International topics > Cooperation in Human Resource Development > Assistance to Developing Countries > JPO Cooperation in Human Resource Development > Training Programs(short) > Report on the “WIPO/JF The Examination Practices of Industrial Property (Basic Program)”

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Report on the “WIPO/JF The Examination Practices of Industrial Property (Basic Program)”

A 2-week WIPO/JF Seminar (Examiner Introductory Course) was held from January 21 to February 1. In this course lectures were given to deepen understanding of fundamental knowledge on topics including an outline of Japan Patent Law and Trademark Law, examination standards, international frameworks for IP protection such as PCT and the Madrid Protocol, etc. The course then developed upon these fundamentals, studying policies to deal with infringement, etc., with the purpose of heightening knowledge concerning the actual procedures for examination of patent and trademark applications carried out in various countries.

The course this year, which was for patent and trademark application examiners (regardless of number of years of experience), consisted of participants employed at IP bureaus in countries mainly in Asia and Africa. There were a total of 22 participants from 16 countries: Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.

For most of the daily sessions of this seminar the trainees were divided into two groups, one for patents and one for trademarks. The curriculum was a step-by-step process with each group starting by receiving an outline of fundamental laws, then learning the examination standards and procedures, and finally having a simulated practice. The second half of the course built upon this knowledge through study of infringement cases, corporate IP management, visits to patent firms to observe work, etc.

The trainees of both groups actively asked questions during the lectures, and their passion drew the admiration of the lecturers. During session breaks the trainees often started up discussions among themselves, and they all showed a great eagerness to learn.

Lecture for the patent group by a JPO instructor

Lecture for the patent group by a JPO instructor

In the morning of the last day the patent group visited the patent firm Sera, Toyama, Matsukura, & Kawaguchi (3-4-10 Higashi Nihonbashi, Chuo-ku, Tokyo), and the trademark group visited the legal patent firm Yuasa and Hara (2-2-1 Otemachi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo) where each group received lectures on the operations and roles of patent firms, while observing these offices in operation. They were able to question the office staff and patent attorneys engaged in applications, and so were very enthusiastic in their questioning there. The participants expressed the wish that there could be more time for these visits.

That afternoon a course evaluation session was held. The evaluations by the trainees were high, and many felt that they gained knowledge that could be put to good use after returning to their countries. On the other hand, ways in which they thought the course could be improved included allotting more time for case studies and incorporating the country reports into the first half of the course. After the evaluation session, a course completion ceremony was held and certificates of course completion were given to each student.

Course completion ceremony group photograph

Course completion ceremony group photograph

As stated above, the participants in this seminar were from 16 widely varying countries mainly in Asia and Africa, but they were quick to develop friendships, going to see interesting things in the city together almost every day after the lectures. They became familiar with Japanese culture while deepening international understanding on a personal level. At the request of all the trainees, a participant contact list was prepared at the seminar office and distributed. We expect that these trainees will continue to build their relationships with each other after they return to their own countries.


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