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Trilateral Cooperation (JPO-EPO-USPTO)

What is the “Trilateral Offices”?

The framework of Trilateral Offices is an important cooperative framework, which has been in existence since 1983, consisting of the mature three patent offices: the Japan Patent Office (JPO), the European Patent Office (EPO), the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). At the 2019 Trilateral Heads of Offices Meeting, it was agreed that the Trilateral Offices Meeting is a forum for policy discussions, whereas the IP5 Offices Meeting is a forum for practical discussions. It is expected that the Trilateral Offices, with their high level of patent examination capacity & capability, global influence, long history and trustworthy maturity, and the characteristics of a small group, will have a think-tank function, using the discussions in the Trilateral Offices as a basis to expand to other fora.

Meetings with Trilateral Industry (IT3)

The Trilateral Offices hold high-level meetings almost every year with the Trilateral Industry (IT3): the Japan Intellectual Property Association (JIPA), the American Intellectual Property Law Association (AIPLA), the Intellectual Property Owners Association (IPO) and BusinessEurope (BE) to exchange views.

Trilateral Offices Website

Trilateral Cooperation



[Last updated 31 March 2022]