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The Five IP Offices (IP5)

What is the IP5?

The IP5 is a framework established in 2007 by the intellectual property offices of Japan, the United States, Europe, China, and Korea.

The number of patent applications filed with the Japan Patent Office (JPO), the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), the European Patent Office (EPO), the China National Intellectual Property Administration (CNIPA), and the Korean Intellectual Property Office (KIPO), which make up the IP5, accounts for more than 80% of all patent applications worldwide.

In order to lead global initiatives on intellectual property, the IP5 Offices are continuously discussing issues such as patent harmonization of practices and procedures, mutual use of examination results, enhancement of examination quality, and improvement of patent information services. This takes place through meetings not only at the Commissioner and Deputy Commissioner level but also in working groups consisting of working-level officials.

IP5 vision

At the 10th IP5 Heads Meeting held in June 2017, the IP5 Offices agreed on a new vision for IP5 co-operation, which includes the following: (i) patent harmonization of practices and procedures, (ii) enhanced work-sharing, (iii) high-quality and timely search and examination results, and (iv) seamless access to patent information. The IP5 Offices are working together under this vision.

For your information, the previous vision of the IP5 co-operation involved the elimination of unnecessary duplication of work among the offices, enhancement of patent examination efficiency and quality, and guarantee of the stability of patent rights, which was formulated at the second IP5 Heads Meeting in 2008.

The structure of IP5

pict The structure of IP5

Meetings with IP5 Industry

In 2012, the IP5 Offices held the first IP5 Heads of Office and IP5 Industry meetings. The IP5 Industry group consists of the Japan Intellectual Property Association (JIPA), the American Intellectual Property Law Association (AIPLA), the Intellectual Property Owners Association (IPO), BusinessEurope (BE), the Korea Intellectual Property Association (KINPA), and the Patent Protection Association of China (PPAC). Since then, the IP5 Offices and IP5 Industry have held both high level and working level meetings, where mutual views have been exchanged.

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[Last updated 14 July 2023]

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